Breaking News

19 clever ways to arrange your outdoor space

Tired of trying to make your tiny garden feel welcoming? These small garden layout ideas will be sure to come in handy. Even the most compact of spaces can be arranged in a way that makes them feel both functional and more enjoyable to be in.

a room filled with furniture and vase of flowers on a table: null

© Provided by gardening etc.

We know that not everyone has the luxury of acres of ground to play with. And, let’s face it, small spaces can feel uninspiring at first. Presented with a blank slice of patio or tiny balcony can leave us wondering where on earth to start…

The good news is that any garden, no matter how big (or small) its size, is full of opportunity. In fact, it’s easier than you might think to create your own mini paradise, extend your living area, and improve your quality of life. Plus, small gardens are cheaper and easier to maintain.

So keep reading to discover our tips on minimal planting, small-garden zoning, miniature lawns, and more. Then, head over to our small garden ideas for further inspiration. You’ll have your very own micro haven before you know it.

1. Plan your layout around the sunlight

Chris Harrington, Creative Director of garden design practice Harrington Porter, shares his expert advice when it comes to working with natural light. He explains that in urban areas especially, due to the built-up surroundings, the sun is a key driver for any small garden. Some plots may only get a glimpse of sunlight during the day, or an hour or two in the evening. So, if you like sitting in the sun, then make sure your seating is positioned to make the most of it. 

In this example above, the outdoor sofa catches a lovely dose of evening light, before the sun sets behind the house. On the other hand, if you prefer sitting in the shade, then position your seating to match.

This small, contemporary garden design also benefits from having an artificial lawn. There’s no maintenance required and no need to store a mower – both big plus points for small plots. As well as this, Chris says that small gardens with high sides are often shady, which can be problematic when it comes to growing a verdant lawn. 

2. Straighten up your plot with angles

The garden above was very narrow with a tapered shape – almost like a triangle, ‘Careful planting and structures were used to balance out the shape and square it up with the house,’ says Chris Harrington of Harrington Porter. This included the addition of fences, which cut into the garden in straight lines, adding a feeling of space.

For contemporary gardens, Chris advises against using curves. Straight lines can always be softened with planting to create a more welcoming vibe.

3. Break the space up into zones

‘Space permitting, dividing up the garden into different rooms can, paradoxically, make your garden feel bigger, giving a greater sense of depth and installing a real sense of intrigue,’ says Nick Woodhouse, director of garden and interior design practice Woodhouse & Law.

Sam Selby, founder of Selby Landscapes explains how it can be done. ‘Use planting, screens, walling, or changes in materials to create different areas,’ he advises. ‘Hide a seating area with plant-covered screens or use different sized paving to give the impression of space.’

Garden designer Hannah Rickards of Hannah Rickards Garden Design also suggests the use of different paving materials and patterns to create a sense of transition from each area. ‘For example, try a brick path to a stone terrace, or a lawn to deck area,’ she says.

This garden demonstrates zoning perfectly, using soft hedging, decking ideas, light paving slabs, and decorative stones. It creates three distinct zones to enjoy, away from the lawn. Setting the decking boards horizontally to the paving also helps to widen the space.

4. Use blocks of colour to separate areas

What colour makes you happy? Midnight navy, pastel pinks, melon-sorbet green, vivid fuchsia? Remember, your tiny space is exactly that – yours. So put your stamp on it by painting the walls, the fence, the windowsill, even the floor in your favourite colours, to separate different zones.

This colour-blocking technique is oh-so on-trend (check out our garden trends 2021 if you want to see for yourself).

If you use a palette of complementary colours, you can also add an extra layer of depth to your garden. Colour block your planting too, for maximum impact. For example, choose a light blue theme for a patio dining area, whilst a relaxation space amongst the flowerbeds could be in silver and white hues.

5. Make a shaded seating area beneath a canopy of plants

If you’re after a secluded seating area – perhaps to enjoy a good book, a glass of wine in the evening, or simply the fresh air – then this tip is for you. Section off an area of the garden using lots of tall planting and small trees, creating a lush canopy. Add a comfy lounger and perhaps some ambient garden lighting ideas, and voila! A secret, shaded spot to relax in private.

Position away from the house for the ultimate back garden retreat. It’ll be your new favourite spot in no time.

6. Plant vertically to add a feeling of height

In a small plot, floor space might be tight. So why not think about making the most of the height in your space instead? Using the vertical space wisely is a clever way to make a small garden layout feel full of greenery.

Living walls will soften harsh lines and landscaping materials. Look out for hanging planters made up of pockets, ready to be filled with herbs, flowers or even veg. 

Take a look at our living wall guide if you’re interested in making your own.

7. Create bespoke seating around tree trunks

If you have a tree or two in your small garden, then you might feel like it’s taking up precious space. Although the summer leaves or spring blossom are welcome perks, perhaps there’s no room for an additional seating area without things feeling cramped.

Well, here’s a tip you can use to maximise your trees’ potential, to make them functional as well as beautiful. Build a bench seat around the trunk to create a place to sit, to decorate with extra plants, or even to place outdoor lighting. Opt for natural materials for a cohesive, laid-back vibe.

8. Open up your layout with minimal fencing

Is your garden small, but your views vast? Perhaps you’re lucky enough to have water nearby, or fields on the other side of your plot. Well, how about making the most of the outside world by using minimalistic garden fence ideas. 

In other words, rather than penning in your plot with solid fence panels, use designs which will provide a subtle barrier, without blocking views or light. Then, position your seating towards the view to make the most of it – it will instantly feel like your garden is more spacious.

9. Create different rooms with decorative screens

Why not structure your layout into sections, using decorative screens? Open, patterned designs will keep light coming in, giving an airy, open-plan feel between your garden’s ‘rooms’.

Plus, they provide a stylish backdrop for potted plants or comfy seating. Pick a colour and design which matches your theme to tie your garden’s look together beautifully.

‘City living can often be at the expense of privacy so it’s important to first ascertain which areas of the garden provide a more secluded area in which to place seating,’ says Nick Woodhouse of Woodhouse and Law. 

‘For those spaces that might benefit from greater screening, a carefully placed small tree or run of trellis can work wonders in providing a sense of privacy. There is also an ever-growing range of beautifully etched metal screens on the market at the minute, in every colour, style and finish imaginable.’

For more ways to create a private outdoor space, check out our garden privacy ideas. 

10. Add a tree or two to break up the space

There’s no reason a small garden layout can’t include trees, especially if you keep them in pots. And the good news is, there are plenty of varieties available which will be happy to be grown in this way. 

Acers (Japanese maples) are perfect solutions for a boost of colour with their feathery leaves. For a rustic, Mediterranean vibe, small olive trees make a great addition. A clipped bay tree is a good choice for a more formal look, plus you can use the leaves in your cooking.

If you’ve only got room for one tree, the RHS offer great advice – to choose one which adds interest across seasons, be it blossom in spring, attractive bark in winter, or fruit in autumn. A small apple tree, for example, will bring delight for months on end.

In terms of making a garden seem larger, ‘small garden trees can help,’ says garden designer Hannah Rickards. Try using ‘two trees, to frame the end of a path leading to the next area of the garden.’

This small palm tree shown above adds a tropical focal point for this garden, whilst cleverly splitting the layout into two areas. Take a look at our best trees for small gardens to get started.

11. Soften the edges with plenty of plants

Garden designer Melanie Jackson of Melanie Jackson Garden Design added climbers along the back of this small plot using raised beds, which will soften the high fence and sun bench as they grow.

If you’d like some climbers for your plot then consider clematis, for its clouds of delicate blossoms. Try ‘Montana Mayleen’ for pastel pink blooms with a vanilla-like scent, and bronzed foliage. You can find out how to grow clematis in our guide. 

For fairy-like falls of purple petals, a trained wisteria is another lovely choice. 

If your wall is in a sheltered, sunny spot, then a passionflower may well thrive, with its intricate flowers and bright orange fruit. Or, for show-stopping colour, opt for Virginia Creeper. Its bright green summer foliage will turn to a blazing red as the weather cools.

Melanie has also added light, warm-hued paving and plenty of greenery and flowers to make this garden an inviting space.

12. Make a fire pit the focal point of your plot

Everyone loves a fire pit, and it can be enjoyed all year round. In winter, you can gather next to it with friends and family to keep cosy, toasting marshmallows and enjoying its magical glow beneath the stars. In summer, it’s the perfect centrepiece for a summer evening party.

When it comes to designing your small garden layout, why not give your fire pit the spotlight it deserves. You’ll find plenty of inspiration in our fire pit ideas. 

13. Go simple for modern, year-round appeal

This garden design by Harrington Porter is a beautiful example of minimalism at its best. ‘The cohesive palette of materials and colours is pared down,’ says Creative Director Chris Harrington, ‘which gives it a simple look that typically works well for small spaces.’ 

Chris says that you can, of course, create an eclectic, nature-inspired garden that is enchanting, if that’s the style you’re after. But, more often than not, less is more, especially if a contemporary vibe is the goal.

Chris also explains that by picking a very simple planting scheme of three olive trees, a low-maintenance, striking focal point is created, which won’t change across seasons. This means that the clean and modern look is consistently maintained, to be enjoyed from the glass doors and windows of the house all year.

Nick Woodhouse from Woodhouse and Law also encourages a pared-back approach for small gardens. ‘Don’t introduce too many finishes or too many colours,’ he says. ‘Keeping the materials such as stone, gravel or terracotta to a minimum helps to give the space a greater sense of cohesion and consistency.’ 

‘The same is true for colours; a simple scheme of cooler tones of, say, blue, silver and purple will help create a relaxed, less confined feel to the garden. This limited palette also stretches to the number of colours used in paints, accessories and furniture,’ Nick adds.

14. Add shelves to boost your planting space

For a clever way to incorporate fuss-free storage and expand the space in your small garden layout, add shelves behind seating. It’ll provide a handy place to put a drink (on top of a jazzy coaster, of course), a lantern, or even a mini herb garden, without having to take up extra space with a full-sized table.

Matching your accessories and colour schemes is also a great way to make your garden feel on-trend – try a monochrome palette for a contemporary choice.

15. Play with shapes to add visual interest

‘A juxtaposed layout will make things more interesting than that of one whole open space,’ says garden designer Hannah Rickards. ‘By not revealing the garden at once the space feels more intriguing and walking through will feel like more of a journey to another part of it.

‘Even the simple layout of two same-sized squares set slightly off from each other is more interesting than one rectangle,’ she adds.

16. Add character with traditional features

This garden, designed by Melanie Jackson, demonstrates how a narrow slice of a garden can be given tons of character with a circular central point and ornamental stone plinth. 

It creates an air of the 18th century beautifully, to fit with the garden’s historic setting – the Georgian city of Bath, UK. The stone wall is softened by tumbling foliage and borders, which will erupt in colour and texture as the garden becomes more established.

17. Make your garden an extension of your home

‘Which room connects to the garden?’ asks Sam Selby of Selby Landscapes. ‘The way you use your garden could be an extension of this room – allowing you to use more space for the same activities.’

If you want an area for alfresco dining, ‘make a dining area that will encourage regular use. Find a nook for your dining table, which can be enhanced with small fire pits, the sound of water, and lighting.’

‘Clever garden lighting will encourage you to enjoy the space throughout the day and late into the evening,’ he adds.

The garden above is a great example of an outdoor extension to the home, complete with chiminea, string lights and even storage. Raising it up slightly separates it from the small lawn.

18. Be bold with shapes

‘Strong geometric shapes contrast perfectly with the softness of carefully chosen planting whilst large pieces of furniture display a non-apologetic confidence in your choices,’ says Nick Woodhouse of Woodhouse and Law.

‘Try to provide ample paths and entertaining spaces; these are far more inviting and will ensure the garden is enjoyed to its maximum potential.’ We love this example of a striking pink focal point positioned above a seating area.

19. Add pathways

Matt Haddon MSGD, landscape and garden designer of Matt Haddon Gardens, uses porcelain paving throughout this garden to link its different sections together. The pathways don’t just add cohesion, however. They also enable the homeowners and guests to circulate around the plot, to view the plants and enjoy the space.

The pathways allow for a choice of routes, including a direct and practical route for the frequent journey from the house to the garage. Other paths through the denser planting are good for easy maintenance, plus are fun for grandchildren to run around. So, why not try adding some inspiring garden path ideas to your own plot?

How do you lay out pots in a small garden?

Put your biggest, tallest pot at the back – this will be your main focal point. Perhaps it’s a potted tree or a showy display of agapanthus. Then, begin to surround it with gradually smaller pots, maybe a planter of bulbs or a small shrub rose. Put the shortest pots at the front – this could be small containers full of violas or succulents, for example. 

This will allow you to see everything, whilst keeping it feeling balanced. You can always use bricks to add height to the ones further back if needed.

Generally, groups look more pleasing in clusters of three, or in odd numbers. Remember what your plants need, too – that way they can all thrive together. It’s not much use positioning sun-loving plants alongside shady ones!

How do you create depth in a small garden?

A well-known trick is to hang a mirror on the far wall or fence. It will instantly appear like your garden is longer than it is, as well as bouncing the light around. Head over to our garden mirror ideas for inspiration. 

You can also work with long lines down the length of the garden – with decking, for example – which will also help to elongate your plot. 

Try using large planters and any ornamental trees towards the back of your plot, with smaller ones at the front. And, when it comes to colour, light tones will brighten a space. However, painting far boundaries in darker, natural colours such as sage green or even black can help them to recede.

How do you split up a small garden layout?

We’ve already mentioned screens and colour blocking, and we’ve touched on using different paving for zones too. But, there are plenty of other ways to divide up a small garden layout.

Try small, clipped hedges – either trimmed into neat rectangles or perhaps cloud pruned for more organic shapes. You can also use large planters. Half walls, made of stone, are another option, and you can add plants to them too – take a look at our small rock garden ideas for inspiration. 

You can also work with levels. Try putting a seater area higher up, to draw the eye and section it away into a separate ‘room’.

Read more: 

  • Balcony garden ideas: make the most of your limited outdoor space
  • Paving ideas: find the right look for your garden 
  • Small Japanese garden ideas: how to create a zen-inspired space
Continue Reading